My granddaughter, who is 9 years old, was adopted as a newborn. Her biological mother used drugs (heroin, cocaine, and methadone on board at delivery). My granddaughter was in NICU for detox for 3 weeks.
My grandson, who is 6 years old, was adopted from the foster system at 4 years, but with my daughter from age 2. His birthmother also used drugs and my grandson was removed from the home at 11 months. He was in a foster home until 2 years when the foster parents left him. My daughter has done much research on effects on child of drugs, stressful pregnancy, lack of care after birth, etc. What is your opinion of these factors in the behavior of a child? Do you deal with these issues?